“Face it; Suzanne Collins is a monster. All you have to do is skim the chapters. You can’t miss her atrocities. The crippled boy hacked down at the Cornucopia. The little girl with the spear through the chest. One of the “heroes” of the series “finishing off” one of the other contestants. I can’t fathom how Ms. Collins is still walking free in the streets. Have we really reached the point in our society where a woman can brazenly murder children and we just shrug our shoulders, give her a couple million dollars and a movie deal, and call it good?”
In 2007, Philip Zimbardo suggested that people may act in evil ways as a result of a collective identity . This hypothesis, based on his previous experience from the Stanford prison experiment , was published in the book The Lucifer Effect: Understanding How Good People Turn Evil . 
“It is not who we are underneath, but what we do that defines us” (Nolan 2005). Our actions speak louder than our words. We can say that we are good on the inside, but unless we do good deeds, we are not truly good people. We believe that we are good in nature because: we tend to help others, we are peaceful when facing emotions like jealousy and hatred and free will is mistakenly labelled as evil. Some may say humans are more selfish, or that we are evil and would commit evil acts when facing jealousy, or that if free will was mistaken as evil should we have accepted Hitler’s ideals?
Furthermore, most people agree that humans can tell the difference between good and evil. With this knowledge, our human nature is to be good. This is present when we help others because of our natural sympathetic reaction. Although Thomas Hobbes said that everyone is only out to protect their self-interest, people have argued that our interests are to be loved by others. (Ryerson 2003). We also tend to look towards peace instead of conflict when we feel negative emotions. However, some people may argue that not everyone acts this way. How can we be sure that someone will not commit evil deeds when enraged with anger or jealousy? We cannot, but what we do know is that society and the environment we live in affects who we are and forces us to act a certain way. Finally, we have the ability to believe what we want. Evil can simply be an illusion. But if evil is an illusion, can you truly look at Hitler’s actions and say he is not evil? Yes, he believed he was doing the right thing and saw everyone else as the enemy. In this essay we will argue why people are good by nature and counter-argue opinions that some people may have towards our initial arguments.
As humans, we tend to be more sympathetic and caring. Like Mengzi said “Human beings have an innate sense of right and wrong, a natural sympathetic reaction to people in distress or pain, and ...
The most important theme of To Kill a Mockingbird is the book’s exploration of the moral nature of human beings – that is, whether people are essentially good or essentially evil. The novel approaches this question by dramatizing Scout and Jem’s transition from a perspective of childhood innocence, in which they assume that people are good because they have never seen evil, to a more adult perspective, in which they have confronted evil and must incorporate it into their understanding of the world. As a result of this portrayal of the transition from innocence to experience, one of the book’s important sub-themes involves the threat that hatred, prejudice, and ignorance pose to the innocent people such as Tom Robinson and Boo Radley are not prepared for the evil that they encounter, and, as a result, they are destroyed. Even Jem is victimized to an extent by his discovery of the evil of racism during and after the trial. Whereas Scout is able to maintain her basic faith in human nature despite Tom’s conviction, Jem’s faith in justice and in humanity is badly damaged, and he retreats into a state of disillusionment.
The moral voice of To Kill a Mockingbird is embodied by Atticus Finch, who is virtually unique in the novel in that he has experienced and understood evil without loosing his faith in the human capacity for goodness. Atticus understands that, rather than being simply creatures of good or creatures of evil, most people have both good and bad qualities. The important thing is to appreciate the good qualities and understand the bad qualities by treating others with sympathy and trying to see life from their perspective. He tries to teach these ultimate moral lessons to Jem and Scout to show them that it is possible to live with conscience without losing hope or becoming cynical. In this way, Atticus is able to admire Mrs. Dubose’s courage even while deploring her racism. Scout progress as a character in the novel i...
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